CMR stands for “Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road” in English and “Convention relative au contrat de transport international de merchandises par route” in French.
CMR is also known as CMR consignment note. It is a document used for the regulation of road freight transport, and serves as an international agreement. The document has been adopted by most of the European states with the purpose to regulate legal issues concerning road freight transportation.
The CMR document must have the following information:
The agreement was concluded in 1956 under the auspices of the UN. The founding states included: Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Sweden and Switzerland. In the meantime, all European states, several states in Central Asia and the Middle East, and two African countries (Morocco and Tunisia) have joined the agreement.
The term CMR actually refers to the agreement itself, but in practice it is also often used as a synonym for the CMR waybill.
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