The term debt collection is associated with the field of finance and banking. It means the collection of receivables from a debtor if these are still open or have not been settled within the payment period.
The debt collection can be done by the creditor himself, a lawyer or a professional debt collection agency. Usually, the first step in collecting debts is to try to settle the outstanding debt by out-of-court means. If this is unsuccessful, the application for a court order for payment initiates the judicial dunning procedure, which ends with the issue of an enforcement order or a legal dispute.
In logistics, the term debt collection can have a further meaning i.e. goods are only delivered against (cash) payment.
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